Acne is a common skin condition that affects many individuals, typically during their teenage years, although it can occur at any age. It occurs when hair follicles become clogged with oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria, leading to the formation of pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and sometimes deeper, inflamed lesions.
While the exact causes of acne can vary from person to person, some common factors include hormonal changes, excess oil production, clogged pores, bacteria on the skin, and inflammation. Certain factors like genetics, stress, diet, and certain medications may also contribute to the development or exacerbation of acne.
Managing and treating acne can involve a combination of self-care practices and, in some cases, seeking professional assistance.